Every bird is an individual, and as such, will display unique characteristics in regards to grooming behavior. Some birds love to play in the water, and relish their time in the bath. Some birds have not been conditioned to accept bathing, and resist contact with water, despite the fact that daily showers would be a part of their natural grooming activity in the wild.
While at times it can take some effort on the part of the owner to single out the grooming methods that will work for a particular bird, bathing is important to a bird's health and even reluctant birds must be conditioned to accept it.
The Rules of BathingWhile various bathing methods abound, there are a few simple rules that apply to bathing all pet birds:
- Use only plain, clear water. Although some pet supply companies market commercial "bird shampoos", the best and safest way to bathe your bird is with plain water. Birds produce a special oil that they preen their feathers with, and this oil can be stripped through the use of soaps or detergents. This can result in unhealthy feathers and unhappy birds.
- Only bathe your bird during the warmest part of the day. Wet birds easily get chilled, which can be a serious health hazard. Bathe your bird during a warm part of the day so that your bird's feathers have a chance to dry completely before the temperature drops towards nightfall.
- Make sure the water is a comfortable temperature. Water that is too hot or cold can shock a bird's system, not to mention causing burns and a host of other serious conditions. Always check the temperature of the water before offering your bird a bath. Many birds prefer their bath water to be lukewarm or room temperature.
- Never saturate your bird's feathers. In the wild, birds never allow their feathers to become completely soaked through. This can lead to loss of body heat and flight impairment. Except in extreme circumstances, it should never be necessary to completely soak a pet bird.
Finding Your Bird's Comfort ZoneThere are a few different bathing options that owners can try to figure out what their bird will enjoy. The most important variables in effective bathing are frequency and method. By "experimenting" with these aspects, you are sure to stumble across the right combination for your feathered friend.
Birds vary greatly in the ways that they choose to bathe. Some birds love the feeling of a trickling shower, some prefer to stand in a fine mist, and some like to dunk themselves in a pool of water. Try the following techniques at home with your pet to see which works the best for him.
- Prepare a shower for two. Being naturally social creatures, birds often enjoy a taking a shower with their owners. There are even various avian shower products available such as special shower perches and sprayers. If you choose to introduce your pet to the shower, it's best to do so with extreme patience at first. Allow your bird to watch you in the shower before attempting to convince him to join you. He should decide on his own that the shower is a friendly thing, and poses no threat to his safety.
- Sample a soothing mist. A fine mist from a clean spray bottle is the method of choice for some birds. Many pet bird species originate from extremely warm and humid climates, and the spray helps to rehydrate their nasal cavities as well as clean their feathers. If you think your bird might benefit from a quick spritz, be sure to use pure warm water in a clean new spray bottle. This ensures that there are no chemical residues that could be toxic to your pet.
- Go for a dip in the sink. Many birds like to dip themselves into a pool of still water. Try pooling a bit of warm water in your sink and having your bird step down into it. Chances are that your bird's natural bathing instincts will take over from there, and he will be happily splashing about in no time. If you own a small bird that is reluctant to stand in the sink, try cupping warm water in the palms of your hands as your pet perches on the side of your thumb. Many times a bird will feel safer bathing in his owner's hands -- and this can also be a great bonding experience!
If you observe your bird's reactions to these different techniques, it should be relatively easy to identify the one that your bird enjoys most. This, however, is only half of the "bird bathing equation". Deciding how often your bird should be bathed is the next step in achieving grooming greatness.
Photo of Rio, a Blue Fronted Amazon, Courtesy of Patricia Lowery and Marvette Hillis